Circuit Designs Using Analog Devices Products
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Digital Potentiometer, 10 Bits, 1% Resistor
AD8221 Precision Instrumentation Amplifier
Low Cost, High Voltage, Programmable Gain Instrumentation Amplifier Using the
AD5292 Digital Potentiometer and the AD8221 In-Amp
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CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS
The circuit shown in Figure 1 provides a low cost, high voltage,
programmable gain instrumentation amplifier using the AD5292
digital potentiometer and the AD8221 instrumentation
The circuit offers 1,024 different gain settings, controllable
through an SPI digital interface. The ±1% resistor tolerance
performance of the AD5292 provides low gain error over the
full resistor range, as shown in Figure 2.
The circuit provides a high performance instrumentation
amplifier that delivers the industry’s highest CMRR over
frequency in its class and dynamic programmable gain for
both single supply operation at +30 V and dual supply
operation at ±15 V. In addition, the AD5292 has an internal
20-times programmable memory that allows the user to
customize the instrumentation amplifier gain at power-up.
The circuit provides accurate, low noise, high gain and is well
suited for signal instrumentation conditioning, precision data
acquisition, biomedical analysis, and aerospace instrumentation.
This circuit employs the AD5292 digital potentiometer in
conjunction with the AD8221 instrumentation amplifier,
providing an overall low cost, high voltage, programmable gain
The differential input signal, +IN and –IN, is amplified by the
AD8221. The instrumentation amplifier offers accuracy, low
noise, high CMRR, and high slew rate.
The maximum circuit gain is defined in Equation 1, where
is the wiper resistance of the AD5292 in the rheostat
mode and represents the minimum value of the gain-setting
resistance (100 Ω).
Figure 1. Programmable Gain Instrumentation Amplifier (Simplified
Schematic: Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)
0 250 500 750 1000
GAIN ERROR (%)
Figure 2. Gain Error vs. Code
The circuit gain formula for any particular AD5292 resistance is
This equation is plotted in Figure 3 as a function of D, the